1Kiktenko, V
1A. Yu. Krymskyi Institute of Oriental Studies, NAS of Ukraine. 4, Hrushevskoho Str., Kyiv, 01001, Ukraine
Kitaêznavčì doslìdžennâ 2016, 1-2:18-29
Section: History, philosophy and science of China
Language: ukrainian

The article explores the peculiarities of the Chinese variant of pragmatism as the philosophy and ideology of China’s modern development, as well as the ideological connections of Chinese philosophy and American pragmatism. It is noted that between Confucianism and American pragmatism there are no cultural ties, but by means of comparative studies it is defined there is a lot in common between them. Long before the emergence of American pragmatism in classical Chinese philosophy, some ideas which have a pragmatic nature were formulated. The most important coincidence of traditional Chinese philosophy and American pragmatism is humanism, but based on definition of understanding a man as the supreme value of the universe and the fundamental difference between the essence of man and nature, but as a statement that philosophy is precisely determined by human life and aimed at its improvement. Chinese philosophy uses inclusive openness, which is very reminiscent of the fundamental pluralism of pragmatism. Confucianism and American pragmatism emphasize the influence of society, the importance of socialization and action in any particular social context, but the concept of Dewey’s democracy does not coincide with the family values of Confucianism. However, Dewey’s views on democracy and science allowed prominent Chinese intellectuals of the twentieth century (Hu Shi, Feng Yulan, Tao Xingzhi, Jiang Menglin, Guo Bingwen) to critically approach Confucian philosophy and traditional values. Nowadays in China, economic pragmatism has become the dominant trend of thought, which determines the socio-economic development and foreign policy of the country.

Keywords: Confucianism, empiricism, modernization, pragmatism, rationalism, science, tradition

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