Likarchuk, N
Kitaêznavčì doslìdžennâ 2021, 1:102-110
Section: Political, Social and Economic Development of China
Language: Ukrainian

The direction of modern approaches in China’s foreign policy doctrine is aimed at state interests and emphasizing them in international relations. In this case, we are talking about a constructive school, which forms the international direction of Chinese governance – focusing on national, historical and civilizational features. According to the specifics of management in China, it is national identity that is the main element of state development. It determines the nature of international activity, state status, foreign policy direction and economic “behaviour”. China’s new opportunities are putting pressure on the world economy, and rapid financial development and industrial stability make it possible to join the “developing countries” clan. In addition, such positions and power will allow China to dictate the rules of the economic game on its own. The issue of national identity at the country level considers the state as a community of political, historical, cultural, ethnic factors and these factors, and their complex relationships, also affect national identity. China is one of the most influential states in the world: its foreign policy doctrine is aimed at its own state interest – the formation of a new status of the state. This doctrine motivates China to find a compromise, the effective use of modern mechanisms of multilateral diplomacy in achieving the main strategic goal of the country – to strengthen and fortify its place in the international arena; to ensure the security of the country as much as possible; create favorable conditions for the modernization of the country; obtain the status of a key regional and global state. China’s international policy today is one of the most important topics in research and global trends. China’s economic and political development attracts the attention of many scholars and encourages new research in this area. Many scholarly publications focus on China, its development strategies, economic boom, and diplomatic ties. China’s new role on the world stage, its new role as a competitive actor, has formed a new status for the state. Today, China has a significant role in the geopolitical sphere and influence on the modern system of international relations.

Keywords: China, doctrine, globalization, international economy, international politics, strategic partnership

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